If that will not suffice, I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er, On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart. Previous section Act 4, scene i, lines 1-163 Quick Quiz Next section Act 4, scene i, lines 397-453; scene ii Quick Quiz. Fare you well. “Your grace shall understand that at the receipt of, your letter I am very sick, but in the instant that your, messenger came, in loving visitation was with me a, acquainted him with the cause in controversy between the. It falls easily like gentle rain from the sky. The Merchant of Venice is a puckish play written by Shakespeare a long time ago. Wait! For affection, Mistress of passion, sways it to the mood Of what it likes or loathes. Start studying Merchant of Venice Quotes, Act 3, Scene 2, 3, 4 & Act 4, Scene 1. Like many other humanist plays from the early modern English Renaissance, The Merchant of Venice features a lot of allusions to ancient Greek and Roman literature. If you deny it, let the danger light Upon your charter and your city’s freedom. I am like a diseased sheep in a flock, one who ought to die. [To ANTONIO] You, merchant, do you have anything to say? You press me far and therefore I will yield. I will find out what is the best ring in all of Venice and give it to you. Entreat some power to change this currish Jew. [to SHYLOCK] Why dost thou whet thy knife so earnestly? The law hath yet another hold on you. You might as well ask the wolf why he makes the ewe cry by eating the lamb. The weakest fruit drops earliest to the ground. The other half comes to the general state, Which humbleness may drive unto a fine. Act 1 scene 3, introduces Shylock for the first time in 'The Merchant of Venice' as the plays villainous Jew. I can't find it in the contract. I charge you by the law. It is hard to tell whether the audience were supposed to find Shylocks fate at the end of act 4 scene 1 amusing. You taught me first to beg, and now methinksYou teach me how a beggar should be answered. Thou diest and all thy goods are confiscate. The weakest fruit drops earliest to the ground. The audience knows that Portia and Nerrisa going to a monastery is to trick other characters of the play into thinking that they are going to remain in Belmont. Is that enough of an answer? I want the law to be upheld, the penalty, that which he must forfeit because of the loan. To do a great right, do a little wrong, And curb this cruel devil of his will. I stay here on my bond. She usually makes a wretched man outlive his wealth, so that when he is old and has a wrinkled brow he looks on his own poverty. Rather, let judgment be passed on me and let the Jew have his way without any more delay. Your interpretation has been correct. So get ready to cut off the flesh. I'll say it again: he's a Daniel, a second Daniel! But please let me keep this one. What a just judge! 'Tis mightiest in the mightiest. I see you make generous offers. If you take more or less than a pound, even if it's just a twentieth lighter or heavier than the tiniest measure—in fact, if the scale is off by so much as a hair—you will be sentenced to death and all your goods will be confiscated. The Merchant of Venice - English teaching resources for pre- and post-1914 plays; Arthur Miller, Willy Russell and Alan Bennett nestle within the Shakespeare collections! I stand for judgment. I pardon your life even before you ask, Shylock, so that you can see how different my spirit is from yours. He hath refused it in the open court.He shall have merely justice and his bond. Let me have judgment and the Jew his will. In the meantime, the court will hear Bellario's letter. My lord, there's a messenger standing just outside with letters from Bellario. PDF downloads of all 1386 LitCharts literature guides, and of every new one we publish. That's right. [He gives PORTIA a document] Here it is, most honorable lawyer, here it is. Pardon not that. I pray you, give me leave to go from hence. As Shylock is about to cut a pound of flesh from Antonio, Portia stops Shylock from cutting by revealing a loophole in Shylock's bond. Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings, And earthly power doth then show likest God’s, Though justice be thy plea, consider this—, And that same prayer doth teach us all to render, Which if thou follow, this strict court of Venice. I pray thee, pursue sentence. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand forth. I'm sure you're going to ask me why I would choose to have a pound of flesh rather than the three thousand ducats I've been offered. To let the wretched man outlive his wealth, To view with hollow eye and wrinkled brow. We all expect a gentle reply to this from you, Jew. I will not shame myself to give you this. Featuring commentary, analysis and quotes from the Courtroom Scene and the final acts as Antonio is freed, lovers are re-united and Shylock considers his fate. Thyself shalt see the act.For as thou urgest justice, be assuredThou shalt have justice more than thou desirest. You should be sharpening your knife not on the sole of your shoe, harsh Jew, but on your hardened soul. He is waiting nearby to hear whether you'll let him into the court. Are you answered? The Jew may lawfully claim a pound of flesh to be cut off from near the merchant's heart. Therefore you must be hanged at the state's expense. And unless your wife is a crazy person, if she knows what I have done to deserve the ring she won't be mad forever at you for giving it to me. Now, as for your answer: just as a man who dislikes pigs, or who dislikes a harmless cat, or who can't help but embarrassingly urinate at the sound of bagpipes, has no real reason for this. Be valued against your wife’s commandment. Do we have a scale here to weigh the flesh? Dear sir, I must try to persuade you further. If this will not suffice, it must appear That malice bears down truth.— [to DUKE] And I beseech you, Wrest once the law to your authority. That's what many men say as an excuse not to give gifts away. This is not a sufficient answer, you unfeeling man, to excuse your cruelty. ... Definitions and examples of 136 literary terms and devices. Fare you well. Come, Antonio. Some men there are love not a gaping pig. I take this offer then: pay the bond thrice. That ’scuse serves many men to save their gifts. Shakespeare’s use of foreshadowing in The Merchant of Venice frequently appears in wordplay, meaning that the playwright embeds references to future events in words and phrases that only appear portentous after the fact. Bid me tear the bond. Tell her how I met my end. Shall I say to you, “Let them be free! Here he comes, my lord. Doesn't it, noble judge? Detailed quotes explanations with page numbers for every important quote on the site. [To Shylock] Here's six thousand ducats instead of the three thousand for you. Give me your hand, Bassanio. Good sir, this ring was given to me by my wife and when she put it on my hand she made me swear never to sell it or give it away or lose it. Take some remembrance of us as a gift, not payment. The DUKE, the noblemen, ANTONIO, BASSANIO, GRATIANO, SALERIO, and others enter. Please, are you trying to reason with the Jew? Soft, no haste.He shall have nothing but the penalty. The best thing you can do, Bassanio, is stay alive and write my epitaph. Thou shalt have justice more than thou desirest. Definitions and examples of 136 literary terms and devices. You may as well use question with the wolf Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb. Wait, Jew. And after you tell her, let her be the judge as to whether you have ever had a loving friend. together. Portia's action prevents Antonio from dying. [To BASSANIO] And as a token of your gratitude I'll take your ring. The Jew will have all his justice. The thronèd monarch better than his crown. It is mine and I will have it. On your knees, then, and beg for the Duke's mercy. pun, metaphor, simile, foreboading, imagery, and so on. I have possessed your grace of what I purpose. Till thou canst rail the seal from off my bond, Thou but offend’st thy lungs to speak so loud. He will have only justice and the penalty owed to him. [To ANTONIO] Therefore, lay bare your chest. A Daniel is now judging, yes, a Daniel! Take your place here. His name is Balthazar. Beg that thou mayst have leave to hang thyself, And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, Thou hast not left the value of a cord. Are there balance here to weigh. No, take my life and everything. Grant me two things, I pray you: Not to deny me, and to pardon me. He is waiting outside the door. I pray you, know me when we meet again. What if my house be troubled with a rat And I be pleased to give ten thousand ducats To have it baned? In which predicament I say thou stand’st, Thou hast contrived against the very life. Refine any search. How much more elder art thou than thy looks! The play is divided up by act, with each act featuring "before you read" questions, a discussion of the literary elements found in that act, a list of vocabulary (with definitions) that may be unfamiliar to the student, and an act summary. Soft!The Jew shall have all justice. Merchant of Venice: Novel Summary: Act 4 Scene 1 This is the scene where Shylock is to take his forfeiture from Antonio. Salarino tries to comfort Antonio but is unsuccessful. Had I been judge, thou shouldst have had ten more—To bring thee to the gallows, not to the font. Therefore, Jew, Though justice be thy plea, consider this— That in the course of justice none of us Should see salvation. Yes, here, I have the money for him in the court, even twice the sum. Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh, One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods. Than to live still and write mine epitaph. Do not pull back your hand. I am sorry for you. I wish you well, and so I take my leave. You might as well forbid the mountain pines from swaying with their high tops and tell them to make no noise when gusts of wind blow through them. You take my house when you do take the prop That doth sustain my house. Send the deed after me,And I will sign it. Yes, here, I have the money for him in the court, even twice the sum. And I say that this law applies to you because it seems clear that you have contrived indirectly and directly against Antonio's life and now must face the danger I just elaborated on. Hold on a second. There is no force in the decrees of Venice. We pray to God for mercy, and that same prayer should teach us all to show mercy to others. ", Enter PORTIA for Balthazar, disguised as a doctor of law. Instant PDF downloads. 'Twere good you do so much for charity. And he repents not that he pays your debt. For in my mind you are much bound to him. Your grace hath ta'en great pains to qualify. This ring is worth more than its monetary value. Is dearly bought. He knows my opinion on the matter, which has been enriched by his own intelligence, which I can't speak of highly enough, and he brings my opinion to you in my place. You may as well forbid the mountain pines, To wag their high tops and to make no noise. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your charge. I leave him to your gracious acceptance, whose trial shall better publish his commendation.”, With all my heart, I'll let him in. Speak well of me after I die. I have sent for him to decide about this case. We all expect a gentle answer, Jew. And we stand in your debt, and are always in your loving service. And I assume this is the lawyer coming now. You have among you many purchased slaves that you use horribly like donkeys, dogs, or mules because you bought them. Even from the gallows did his fell soul fleet, And whilst thou layest in thy unhallowed dam. This resource may serve as the basis for small-group discussions. It is so. His scepter shows the force of temporal power. Would any of the stock of Barabbas Had been her husband rather than a Christian!— We trifle time. “Nearest his heart”—those are the very words. My deeds upon my head. And I am satisfied to have rescued you, so I feel rewarded enough. It is an attribute to God himself. By taking the means by which I live, you'd be taking my life. Away, make haste. If it pleases my lord the Duke and the rest of the court, I am content to give up the half of his goods owed to me. This is what I have to say against your desire to seek justice and make the strict court of Venice carry out the merchant's punishment. But no blade, not even the executioner's axe, is half as sharp as your sharp envy. [to NERISSA] Clerk, draw a deed of gift. I beseech you, let his lack of years be no impediment tolet him lack a reverend estimation, for I never knew soyoung a body with so old a head. And early in the morning we will both hurry to Belmont. It is an attribute of God himself. You’ll ask me why I rather choose to have, A weight of carrion flesh than to receive, Three thousand ducats. Nothing else, for God's sake. It's a good thing you're making this wish behind her back. Will I not be given back even the original amount I lent? Shylock, you are being offered three times the money you are owed. And others, when the bagpipe sings i' th' nose, Mistress of passion, sways it to the mood, As there is no firm reason to be rendered, (More than a lodged hate and a certain loathing. I pardon your life even before you ask, Shylock, so that you can see how different my spirit is from yours. Is it answered? Modern English Reading Act IV Scene I. DUKE : What, is Antonio here? You almost make me change my mind and agree with Pythagoras that the souls of animals enter the bodies of men. He knows my opinion on the matter, which has been enriched by his own intelligence, which I can't speak of highly enough, and he brings my opinion to you in my place. Enter the DUKE, the magnificoes, ANTONIO, BASSANIO, GRATIANO, SALERIO, and others. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. What's your opinion of that? Give me your gloves. I didn't help you out of desire for payment. I see, sir, you are liberal in offers. By my soul I swear that nothing anyone can say can change my mind. You taught me first to beg, and now methinks. He is furnished with my opinion, which—bettered with his own learning, the greatness whereof I cannot enough commend—comes with him at my importunity to fill up your grace’s request in my stead. This letter from Bellario recommends a young and well-educated doctor of law to our court. And now my mind is set on it. Therefore I ask you to make no more offers and use no more strategies to persuade him. O Jew! And I am satisfied to have rescued you, so I feel rewarded enough. And when the tale is told, bid her be judge Whether Bassanio had not once a love. Just a little. Shylock, everyone thinks—and I agree—that you're just putting on a show of such malice until the very last minute. What judgment shall I dread, doing no wrong? Take three times the money. This is an upright judge, a wise judge! Why then, thus it is: You must prepare your bosom for his knife. The literal words are "a pound of flesh." The law allows it, and the court awards this to you. What a noble judge! It is mine and I will have it. Read Act 4, Scene 1 of Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice, side-by-side with a translation into Modern English. If thou takest more Or less than a just pound, be it but so much As makes it light or heavy in the substance Or the division of the twentieth part Of one poor scruple— nay, if the scale do turn But in the estimation of a hair, Thou diest and all thy goods are confiscate. I pray you, give me leave to go from hence.I am not well. Have some surgeon on call nearby, Shylock, to stop Antonio's wound so he doesn't bleed to death. Aside: a remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by the other characters in the play. You have the spirit of a dog, of a wolf that was killed for killing a human, but even as it was being killed its soul left its body and entered you while you were in your mother's pregnant belly. Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood. My lord Bassanio, let him have the ring. Why is the Jew waiting? It is a doubly blessed thing: it blesses both the person showing mercy and the person receiving mercy. Anyway, peace be with you. A halter gratis, nothing else, for God’s sake. (lines 4-7). And when the tale is told, bid her be judge. Merchant of Venice, Act 1 scene 3, Act 2 scene 5 Essay 901 Words | 4 Pages. I won't take anything else, and in your gratitude you shouldn't deny me this ring. Portia is saying that she will remain unmarried for the rest of her life, until a man chooses the right casket and gains the right to marry her. This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood. Tarry a little. Do you confess that you have broken the agreement? [He reads the letter aloud] "Your grace should understand that at the time you are reading this I am very sick, but when your messenger came to me I happened to have a young lawyer from Rome visiting. I give you the same answer. twelve judges to send you to the gallows instead of the baptismal fountain, I am sorry that your leisure serves you not.—. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rendering none? NERISSA enters, disguised as a law clerk. He is absolutely certain that the Duke of Venice will see that justice is carried out according to the terms of the bargain. This page contains the original text of Act 4, Scene 1 of The Merchant of Venice.Shakespeare’s original The Merchant of Venice text is extremely long, so we’ve split the text into one Scene per page. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your charge,To stop his wounds lest he do bleed to death. [to ANTONIO] You, merchant, have you any thing to say? (lines 93-98), I will go before, sir. It dwells in the hearts of kings. I am like a diseased sheep in a flock, one who ought to die. On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart. We freely cope your courteous pains withal. Can no prayers pierce your stubborn heart? he devil can cite Scripture for his purpose. so I can give no reason, and won't give one (aside from my long-standing hate and loathing for Antonio), for following through on our agreement. Read every line of Shakespeare’s original text alongside a modern English translation. [to SHYLOCK] For thy three thousand ducats here is six. Let me drop like that fruit. And you must cut this flesh from off his breast.The law allows it, and the court awards it. Make room, and let him stand before our face.— Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too, That thou but lead’st this fashion of thy malice To the last hour of act, and then ’tis thought Thou'lt show thy mercy and remorse more strange Than is thy strange apparent cruelty, And where thou now exacts the penalty— Which is a pound of this poor merchant’s flesh— Thou wilt not only loose the forfeiture But—touched with human gentleness and love,— Forgive a moiety of the principal, Glancing an eye of pity on his losses That have of late so huddled on his back Eno' to press a royal merchant down And pluck commiseration of his state From brassy bosoms and rough hearts of flint, From stubborn Turks and Tartars never trained To offices of tender courtesy. [To the DUKE] And I beg you, bend the law to your authority. Send the will after me, and I will sign it. You have among you many a purchased slave, Which—like your asses and your dogs and mules—. ... Definitions and examples of 136 literary terms and devices. Tell me to tear up the agreement. as set in worse than gold..." (lines 54-55). Must needs give sentence 'gainst the merchant there. I’ll not answer that But say it is my humour. While the doctor claims that only a mad woman would be upset about giving a ring to the man who saved Bassanio's best friend, Portia is actually testing Bassanio's fidelity. The Merchant of Venice Act 4, scene 1 Summary & Analysis | LitCharts. His name is Balthazar. You will answer, “The slaves are ours.” So do I answer you. O upright judge!—Mark, Jew.—O learnèd judge! The courtroom scene uses dramatic irony, which is the literary device in which the audience knows something the characters in the play do not. Our Price: $8.33. Please, let's hear the court's sentence. Give him the ring, and, if you can, bring him to Antonio's house. And lawfully by this the Jew may claim A pound of flesh to be by him cut off Nearest the merchant’s heart.— Be merciful. 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