It is not. Contact Barrow, Alaska - Our Tales to Tell on Messenger . Local Iñupiaq leaders hope its use heals as it teaches", "Barrow's new name is its old one, Utqiaġvik. has Phil Coulson threaten Ward with a transfer to the town to guard Emil Blonsky's cryo-cell. [64] As a 6'7" freshman he was regarded as one of the top basketball recruits in the country. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. Remains of 16 sod dwelling mounds, from the Birnirk culture of about AD 800, can be seen on the shore of the Arctic Ocean. [66], The Whalers' boys' basketball team finished the 2014–2015 season with a 24–3 record, the highest win percentage in school history. The average household size was 3.35 and the average family size was 4.80. miles of water. The rescue station was converted for use in 1896 as the retail Cape Smythe Whaling and Trading Station. In 2015, the Barrow High School boys' basketball team won the Alaska Class 3A State Championship with a 50–40 victory over two-time defending state champion, Monroe Catholic. Barrow is among the oldest permanent settlements in the United States. Community See All. [17], British Royal Navy officers came to the area to explore and map the Arctic coastline of North America. [10] John Simpson's native map dated 1855, records the name "Otkiawik," which was misprinted on the subsequent British Admiralty Chart as "Otkiovik."[11]. The hospital underwent construction and was relocated across the city in 2013. [31] Winds average 12 mph (20 km/h) and are typically from the east. Point Barrow is an important geograph… Owing to its location 320 mi (515 km) north of the Arctic Circle, Utqiaġvik's climate is cold and dry, classified as a polar climate (Köppen ET). Today, tax revenues from the North Slope oil fields Despite the extreme northern location, temperatures at Utqiaġvik are moderated by the surrounding topography. Remains of 16 sod dwelling mounds, from the Birnirk culture of about AD 800, can be seen on the shore of the Arctic Ocean. [68], Utqiaġvik is served by the North Slope Borough School District. Karl Pilkington is sent to the town in the second season of An Idiot Abroad. Numerous businesses provide support services to oil field operations. Life in the town of Utqiagvik, formerly known as Barrow, is not what most people think of when they picture Alaska. Extreme winds from 40 to 60 miles per hour (60 to 100 km/h) have been recorded for all months. It is connected to the central section only by Stevenson Street, a two-lane dirt road. 07-01-1999: 76°F. With millions of dollars in new revenues from the settlement and later oil revenues, the borough has created sanitation facilities, water and electrical utilities, roads, fire departments, and health and educational services in Utqiaġvik and the villages of the North Slope. By March 1, the sun is up for 9 hours, and temperatures begin to warm, though winds are usually higher. [12][13][14][15] City Council member Qaiyaan Harcharek described the name change as supporting use of the Iñupiaq language and being part of a process of decolonization.[16]. An IRA corporation was also created. Barrow Station History. Barrow, AK Weather History star_ratehome-18 F Nuiqsut Station | Report. On August 17, 2007, the Whalers football team played their first game of the season on their new artificial-turf field. In 1940, the indigenous Iñupiat organized as the Native Village of Barrow Iñupiat Traditional Government (previously, Native Village of Barrow), which is a federally recognized Alaska Native Iñupiat "tribal entity", as listed by the US Bureau of Indian Affairs circa 2003. Page Transparency See More. One inch of rain possesses approximately equal water content to 12 inches (30 cm) of snow. google_color_text = "000000"; The predominant land type in Utqiaġvik is tundra, which is formed over a permafrost layer that is as much as 1,300 feet (400 m) in depth.[28]. Nearby Point Barrow is the country's northernmost point. It also offers a bachelor's degree in business administration. 07-10-1921: 75°F. Barrow, Alaska - Our Tales to Tell. It is derived from the Iñupiat word utqiq, also used for "potato". Formation of the North Slope Borough in 1972, the Arctic Slope Regional October is usually the month with the heaviest snowfall, with measurable amounts occurring on nearly half the days and a 1981−2010 normal total accumulation of 9.1 inches (23 cm). However, because no roads lead in or out of Utqiaġvik, individuals in surrounding communities and towns (such as Point Hope, Prudhoe Bay, and Wainwright) must be airlifted in by plane, helicopter, or air ambulance. On the Ice, a film released in 2011 about teenagers dealing with a tragic accidental death, was filmed entirely in the town, with locals acting in most roles. According to 1971−2000 normals, this includes 29 inches (74 cm) of snow, The Ukpeaġvik Iñupiat Corporation (UIC) is the for-profit village corporation established under the Act. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. The sun does not set for about 80 days, until around July 31 or August 1. According to Dr. Harold Wanless of the University of Miami, an anticipated rise in sea level attributed to greenhouse gas emissions and consequent global warming is inevitable, meaning the existence of Utqiagvik at its current location is doomed in the geological relatively short term. Utqiaġvik was incorporated as a 1st Class City under the name Barrow in 1958. The climate is very cold in Barrow. Station located near NE-SW trending coastline within a few miles of the northermost point in Alaska. Which one is right for you? Of those 246 residents, 189 were natives, 46 were White, 1 was Asian and 10 were other races. In the northern... More, lakes, … It is the northernmost point of all the territory of the United States, at 71°23′20″N 156°28′45″W / 71.38889°N 156.47917°W , 1,122 nautical miles (1,291 mi; 2,078 km) south of the North Pole. Its extreme location means Utqiaġvik (Barrow) receives 24-hour daylight between sunrise on May 12 and sunset on August 2. Fran Tate, a local restaurant owner, was a frequent guest by telephone on a Chicago radio program, the Steve and Johnnie Show on WGN, during the 1990s. The Cape Smythe Whaling and … google_color_border = "ffffff"; [65] Hepa transferred to Jefferson High School in Portland, Oregon, for his junior year. In 2017, The Barrow High School Football team recorded their first ever state championship win over the Homer Mariners 20–14. [32] Beginning in late July, the Arctic Ocean is relatively ice-free, and remains so until late October. Barrow (c. 4000 inhabitants) is located at the northern tip of Alaska (USA) on the Arctic Coastal Plain north of the Brooks Range Mountains, at the junction of the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas. google_ad_channel = ""; … The Whalers' team was led by 5-star recruit Kamaka Hepa. Point Barrow or Nuvuk is a headland on the Arctic coast in the U.S. state of Alaska, 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Utqiagvik. Church is also big in Utqiaġvik when the weather is good. 2,172 people follow this. Bill Streever, who chairs the North Slope Science Initiative's Science Technical Advisory Panel, wrote in his 2009 book Cold: Adventures in the World’s Frozen Places: Barrow, like most communities in Alaska, looks temporary, like a pioneer settlement. The Cape Smythe Whaling and Trading Station It lies 725 air miles from Anchorage. Only 2.6% of the Earth's surface lies as far and farther from the equator as Utqiaġvik. Welcome to Barrow, the northernmost city in the United States! The racial makeup of the city was 60.5% Alaskan Native, 16.2% white, 0.9% African, 8.9% Asian, 2.3% Pacific Islander and 8.1% from two or more races. Multiple jet aircraft, with service from Deadhorse (Prudhoe Bay), Fairbanks and Anchorage, provide daily mail, cargo, and passenger services, which connect with smaller single- and twin-engine general aviation aircraft that provide regular service to other villages, from Kaktovik in the east to Point Hope in the west. Barrow, Alaska - historic landmark, last frontier, western ultima thule. google_ad_type = "text_image"; www.touchalaska.com. Conquering the Arctic Ice, by Ejnar Mikkelsen (1909) In October 1907 the Danish polar explorer Ejnar Mikkelsen, co-leader (with Ernest de Koven Leffingwell) of 1906-1908 Anglo-American Polar Expedition, which established that there was no land north of Alaska, set out on a formidable … The stations are K04KS and K11NN. 2,168 people follow this. Utqiaġvik has the lowest average temperatures of cities in Alaska. Police say that suicide, depression, and substance … He was ranked as the #21 ranked basketball recruit in the country by ESPN for the class of 2018. The population density was 249.0 people per square mile (96.1/km2). fund borough-wide services. A spelling variant of this name was adopted by the Ukpeaġvik Iñupiat Corporation when it was established in 1973. The headland was explored in 1826 by Frederick W. Beechey and named for Sir John Barrow, British promoter of Arctic Located on a slight rise above the high-water mark, they are at risk of being lost to erosion. Here are our seasonal annual summaries, recording temperature, precipitation, snowfall, snow depth, and cumulative heating degree days for six cities throughout Alaska. Weather observations are available for Utqiaġvik dating back to the late 19th century. Temperatures remain below freezing from early October through late May. In 1889 a whaling supply and rescue station was built. Utqiaġvik is the economic center of the North Slope Borough, the city's primary employer. In May, the temperatures are much warmer, averaging 21.2 °F (−6.0 °C). As of March 3, 2009, the town's website wrote of the population: "The largest city in the North Slope Borough, Utqiaġvik has 4,429 residents, of which approximately 61% are Iñupiat Eskimo."[30]. [57] Utqiaġvik is the headquarters of the Arctic Slope Regional Corporation, one of the Alaska Native corporations set up following the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act in 1971 to manage revenues and invest in development for their people in the region. Point Barrow ist die nördlichste Landspitze des US-Bundesstaates Alaska und somit der nördlichste Punkt der Vereinigten Staaten. A commercially successful film, named after and based upon the comic, was released on October 19, 2007, followed by a straight-to-video sequel on July 23, 2010. known as Ukpeagvik (place where owls are hunted.). For every 100 females, there were 107.1 males. [72] Utqiaġvik is served by Alaska Airlines with passenger jet service at the Wiley Post–Will Rogers Memorial Airport from Anchorage and Fairbanks. Temperatures are below freezing from mid October until late May. A Presbyterian Church was established in 1899, and a post office was opened in 1901. Archaeological remains of sixteen dwelling mounds from the Birnirk culture exist today. KBRW (AM)/KBRW-FM[70] radio station broadcasts in Utqiaġvik on 680 kHz AM and 91.9 MHz FM. The location has been home to the Iñupiat, an indigenous Inuit ethnic group, for more than 1,500 years. The city of Utqiaġvik has three sections, which can be classified as south, central, and north, and are known to residents as Utqiaġvik, Browerville, and NARL, respectively. The official name is the "City of Utqiaġvik", spelled with the diacritical mark on the "g". This small town sits 500 miles from Fairbanks and is often called the 'top of the world' due to its proximity to the North Pole. [32], Variation of wind speed during the year is limited, with the fall months being windiest. Barrow, Alaska - Our Tales to Tell. The first snow (defined as snow that will not melt until next spring) generally falls during the first week of October, when temperatures cease to rise above freezing during the day. Weather Underground provides local & long-range weather forecasts, weatherreports, maps & tropical weather conditions for the Barrow area. There is no road connecting Barrow and other places in Alaska, which means that travelers can only get their by plane for much of the year. Source: Tour of Barrow, Alaska. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,212 people living in the city. The guide is 16"x20" double-sided, folded, glossy 4-color on fine paper stock. The facility operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and is the northernmost hospital/medical facility in the United States. It lies at approximately 71° 17' N Latitude, 156° 14' W Longitude (Sec. Thinner sea ice endangers the landing of bowhead whale strikes on offshore ice by springtime whalers. [24] The movie Big Miracle is based on the rescue and was released on February 3, 2012.[25][26]. //-->. To survive in the harsh Arctic environment, the Iñupiaq developed a deep understanding of the area’s natural resources and how to make good use of them, and created a culture of cooperation and sharing. (Great Britain, 1854, map facing p. 186). Corporation, and construction of the Prudhoe Bay oil fields and Trans-Alaska Pipeline have each contributed to the development of Barrow. google_color_bg = "ffffff"; Ice fog is very common during the winter months, especially when the temperature drops below −30 °F (−34 °C).[37]. Ice fog. google_ad_client = "pub-3550154816525849"; The Tuzzy Consortium Library, in the Iñupiat Heritage Center, serves the communities of the North Slope Borough and functions as the academic library for Iḷisaġvik College. [32][36], In addition to its low temperatures and polar night, Utqiaġvik is one of the cloudiest places on Earth. [51] In 1890, the community and area was returned as the "Cape Smythe Settlements", which was including the refuge & whaling stations, Pengnok, Utkeavie, Kugaru (Inaru) River villages, 4 other camps & Whaling Steamer Balaena. On August 19, 2006, the Whalers of Barrow High School[60] played the first official football game in the Arctic against Delta Junction High School. "[53] In 1910,[54] it first reported as Barrow, and in every successive census to 2010. episode "T.R.A.C.K.S." Samuel Simmonds Memorial Hospital, located in the City of Utqiaġvik, is the primary healthcare facility for the North Slope region of Alaska. The adjacent Barrow Environmental Observatory comprises 30.21 km2 of tundraA type of ecosystem in which tree growth is limited by low temperatures. Rosemary Ahtuangaruak, a community health practitioner and former mayor of Nuiqsut, Alaska, has spent her career dealing with the social and health problems that oil development and related pollution have caused in North Slope communities. About 7.7% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under the age of 18 and 13.12% of those 65 and older. Der bisherige Name der Stadt ist vom Kap Point Barrow abgeleitet, dem 15 km entfernten nördlichsten Punkt der Vereinigten Staaten, das seinerseits 1825 nach Sir John Barrow benannt wurde. By October 2017, at 6'8" tall, he had committed to go to the University of Texas. The area encompasses [67] Also in 2015, the Barrow High School girls' team easily won the ACS tournament. She also appeared on the Tonight Show with Johnny Carson.[58]. In 1972, the North Slope Borough was established. The sun then rises again completely over the horizon by January 27 or 28. Utquiagvik (Barrow) is extreme: Extremely small, and extremely north, above the Arctic Circle and the northernmost town in the U.S. About; Contact; Expert Advice. Located on the Arctic Ocean, Utqiaġvik (Barrow) is one of the largest Iñupiaq settlements in Alaska. Water makes up 14% of the total area. "[50] All 225 of its residents were Inuit. Jagen und Sammeln gehören immer noch zum Alltag im arktischen Alaska, … … It is the oldest wood-frame building in Utqiaġvik and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Utqiaġvik, like many communities in Alaska, has enacted a "damp" law, prohibiting the sale of alcoholic beverages. Barrow, Alaska Adventure! ... Yankee whalers sailed here, learning about the bowhead whale from Iñupiat hunters ... Later, the military came, setting up a radar station, and in 1947 a science center was founded at Barrow. Utqiaġvik is roughly 1,300 miles (2,092 km) south of the North Pole. They have thrived for thousands of years in one of the harshest climates on Earth, hunting the bowhead, or "Agviq." 19 sq. About See All. [55] It formally incorporated in 1959. THE FIRST 50 YEARS: LOOKING BACK. If you want to see the monthly climate normals for other stations you may do so here , and you may view historical data for these and other stations in Alaska here . miles of land and 2 sq. See actions taken by the … google_color_link = "0066cc"; In Utqiaġvik, the age distribution shows 27.7% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 3.4% who were 65 years of age or older. Point Barrow was named after Sir John Barrow of the British Admiralty by explorer Frederick William Beechey in 1825. Discover the optimal month due to daylight, temperature, and rain. The shoreline is rapidly eroding and has been encroaching on buildings for decades. The US acquired Alaska in 1867. The school additionally offers adult education courses for GED preparation and certificates in various programs. Iḷisaġvik College, a two-year tribal college and the only tribal college in Alaska, is located in Utqiaġvik. Owing to the prevailing easterly winds off the Arctic Ocean, Utqiaġvik is completely overcast slightly more than 50% of the year. [62], Since the team's formation, it has gathered a record of 33–24, and most recently, the team reached the semi-final round of the Alaskan State Small School Football Championship.[63]. The city's native name, Utqiaġvik, refers to a place for gathering wild roots. [40][41] Smoothed data from NOAA shows that Utqiaġvik has warmed by more than 11°F since 1976.[42]. There were 1,620 housing units at an average density of 88.1 per square mile (34.0/km2). [32], July is the warmest month of the year, with a normal mean temperature of 40.9 °F (4.9 °C). Best Way to See Alaska? Local Iñupiaq leaders hope its use heals as it teaches. The city's infrastructure, particularly water, sanitation, power and road stability, is endangered. [32] Even in July and August, the low falls to or below the freezing mark on an average of 24 days. Peak cloudiness occurs in August and September when the ocean is ice-free. Report Station . Yesterday, Barrow, Alaska, was wiped off the map (not literally, though it has been called "ground zero" for climate change).On December 1, the … Cloud types are mainly low stratus and fog; cumuli forms are rare. A National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Climate Monitoring Lab operates in Utqiaġvik. Point Barrow, northernmost point of Alaska, U.S., situated on the Arctic Ocean. Although it is rare for Utqiaġvik to record the lowest temperatures statewide during cold waves, extremely low wind chill and "white out" conditions from blowing snow are very common. Southeast Alaska’s history was shaped by the Northwest Coast cultures including the Eyak, Tlingit, Haida and Tsimshian. Freight arrives by air cargo year round and by ocean-going marine barges during the annual summer sealift.[73]. Discover a window into the past and immerse yourself in history … Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. In 1888, a Presbyterian church was built by United States missionaries at Utqiaġvik. Archaeological sites in the area indicate the Iñupiat lived around Utqiaġvik as far back as AD 500. The Act was passed in December 1971 and, despite their opposition, became law. Local Business . [7][8] Referred to as "Barrow" beginning in 1901, the city voted to restore its old Iñupiat name, Utqiaġvik, in 2016. Whale, seal, polar bear, walrus, waterfowl, caribou, and fish are harvested from the coast or nearby rivers and lakes. ", "Barrow voters support name change to 'Utqiagvik, "Barrow voters narrowly approve ordinance to rename city", "Alaskan City Votes to Take Traditional Iñupiat Eskimo Name", "Barrow, Alaska, Changes Its Name Back To Its Original 'Utqiagvik, "Barrow, Alaska, Closer to Getting Its Inupiat Name Back", "Barrow Arctic Research Center/ Environmental Observatory: History and Facilities", "Her Court Is on Arctic Shores, Her Cause Is Eskimos' Rights", "State of Alaska Community Database Online", "Freeing The Whales - How the Media Created the World's Greatest Non-Event", "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 Station Data", http://climate.gi.alaska.edu/ClimTrends/Change/TempChange.html, "WMO Climate Normals for BARROW/W. The governor had 45 days to rule on the name change and it was officially adopted on December 1, 2016. [32][36][39] Utqiaġvik records an average 24 days per year where the high reaches at least 50 °F (10 °C). 2,140 people like this. 08-08-1968: 76°F. [52] This did not include nearby Point Barrow, which was a separate community. 10 Facts about Utqiagvik (formerly Barrow), Alaska. Individuals in need of medical care in Utqiaġvik are able to access the hospital by road. April brings less extreme temperatures, with an average of 1.8 °F (−16.8 °C), and on April 1 the sun is up for more than 14 hours. The town is the setting for a series of horror comic books titled 30 Days of Night. On the rooftop of the world, the Iñupiat Heritage Center in Barrow, Alaska, tells the story of the Iñupiat people. Average Weather in Barrow Alaska, United States. In an October 2016 referendum, city voters narrowly approved to change its name from Barrow to its traditional Iñupiaq name, Utqiaġvik. 07-07-2007: 73°F. Barrow was named for Sir John Barrow, 2nd Secretary of the British Admiralty. Today, the craftsmen of the region are also known for their handmade dance masks, decorative … [57] The town is also served by several radio taxi services, most using small four-wheel drive vehicles. Archaeological remains of sixteen dwelling mounds from the Birnirk culture exist today. Monthly: 1981-2010 normals History: 2007-2019 Winter weather can be extremely dangerous because of the combination of cold and wind, while summers are cool even at their warmest. Dense fog occurs an average of 65 days per year, mostly in the summer months. The racial makeup of the city is 57.19% Alaska Native, 21.83% White, 9.41% Asian, 1.00% Black or African American, 1.35% Pacific Islander, 0.70% from other races, and 8.51% from two or more races. google_ad_height = 90; New service between Fairbanks and Anchorage began from Era Aviation on June 1, 2009. (ft Real Life Lore and Wendover Productions!) [9] The name was first recorded in 1853 as "Ot-ki-a-wing" by Commander Rochfort Maguire, Royal Navy. It is at least 70% overcast some 62% of the time. Barrow is the largest city of the North Slope Borough in Alaska, and the northernmost city in the United States, 550 km north of the arctic circle. Community See All. Even Sable Island, at around 44 degrees latitude and under the influence of the Gulf Stream, receives 44 inches (112 cm), or 52 percent more snowfall than Utqiaġvik. 08-05-1999: 74°F. Big Miracle, a 2012 film starring Drew Barrymore, is based on the true story of whales trapped under ice near Point Barrow, and features scenes in and characters from the town. [21][33], The Arctic region is warming at double the global average, forcing major adjustments to life on the North Slope with regard to a prior millennium of hunting and whaling practices, as well as habitation. In 1935, the famous humorist Will Rogers and pilot Wiley Post made an unplanned stop at Walakpa Bay 15 mi (24 km) south of Utqiaġvik, en route to the city. Packed with excitement and exhilarating adventures, this unique Arctic region is a popular destination among tourists from around the world. Contact Barrow, Alaska - Our Tales to Tell on Messenger . Classic Alaskan books from the Sept-Oct and Nov-Dec issues of Alaskan History Magazine:. The midnight sun has attracted tourism, and arts and crafts provide some cash income. Caribou habitat is also affected, while thawing soil threatens homes and municipal and commercial structures. Another recorded Iñupiaq name is Ukpiaġvik (IPA: [ukpi.ɑʁvik]), which comes from ukpik "snowy owl" and translates to "the place where snowy owls are hunted". Appeared in Channel 4 from Alaska Rural Communications Service. Formed in 1965, by original founders Samuel Simmonds, Guy Okakok, Sr., and Charles ‘Etok’ Edwardsen, Jr., ASNA was originally created to help protect the lands of the Arctic Slope region, beginning the process that led to the Alaska Native Land Claims Settlement Act. The schools serving the city are Ipalook Elementary School, Hopson Middle School, Barrow High School, and alternative learning center known as the Kiita Learning Community.[69]. Serious cold weather usually begins in January, and February is generally the coldest month, averaging −14.2 °F (−25.7 °C). Exploration of the Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 4 (now National Petroleum POST W. ROGERS, AK 1961–1990", "Comparative Climatic Data For the United States Through 2018", "Monthly weather forecast and climate - Barrow, AK", http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/33405927v1ch07.pdf, https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/41033927n358-359ch10.pdf, https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/cph-1-3.pdf, "NFL Network Presents 'Football Town: Barrow, Alaska, "Pottsville news, sports, obituaries, and shopping | republicanherald.com", "Alaska high school football programs with the most wins since 2008", "Kamaka Hepa - Basketball Recruiting - Player Profiles - ESPN", "ESPN Basketball Recruiting - Super 60 Player Rankings", Kamaka Hepa, Jefferson 4-star PF, commits to Texas Longhorns, Basketball fans come to watch Hepa, but leave talking about Adams as well, ACS boys, Barrow girls capture basketball titles, "AM/FM Silakkuagvik Communications - "Top of the World Radio"KBRW – AM/FM Silakkuagvik Communications | "Top of the World Radio, "The Arctic Sounder - Serving the Northwest Arctic and the North Slope", The Papers of Palmer W. Roberts on Eskimos at Point Barrow, The Papers of Albert Dekin on the Recovered Remains of the Barrow Inuit Population, The Papers of Charles D. Brower, Postmaster of Barrow, CAC (Civil Applications Committee)/USGS Global Fiducials Program web page containing scientific description and interactive map viewer featuring declassified high-resolution time-series imagery, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Utqiagvik,_Alaska&oldid=1007167338, Populated coastal places in Alaska on the Arctic Ocean, Populated places of the Arctic United States, Populated places established in the 6th century, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Inupiaq-language text, Wikipedia articles needing context from March 2016, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with multiple identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity and dew point 1961–1990), The southernmost of the sections, known historically as the "Barrow side", is the oldest and second-largest of the three; it serves as downtown. 07-11-1960: 75°F. The United States Department of Energy (DOE) has a climate observation site in Utqiaġvik as part of its Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility. The name Barrow was derived from Point Barrow, and was originally a general designation, because non-native Alaskan residents found it easier to pronounce than the Inupiat name. As of the census[56] of 2000, there were 4,683 people, 1,399 households, and 976 families living in the city. See actions taken by the … Singer-songwriter John Denver visited the town for his 1979 television special Alaska, The American Child. Archaeological evidence dates human habitation (by Inupiaq Eskimos) in the area from about 500 ce. They could travel there by boat, but it's not feasible as the water off the shore is rarely melted. The United States Army established a meteorological and magnetic research station at Utqiaġvik in 1881.[18]. History … Scattered data, not in file, prior to 1900. Cruises and land tours are great ways to see Alaska. Current coordinates 71 degrees 18' N, 156 degrees 47' W, elevation 31 feet.