From the 1960s to the early 1990s, the Afghan army received training and equipment mostly from the former Soviet Union. According to Marin Strmecki, a member of the Defense Policy Board and a former top Pentagon adviser on Afghanistan in a speech to the United States Senate, "the Afghan Army should increase to 250,000 soldiers... Only when Afghan security forces reaches those numbers would they achieve the level necessary for success in counterinsurgency. During the ISAF era, advisers in US ETTs (Embedded Training Teams) or NATO OMLTs (Operational Mentor and Liaison Team) acted as liaisons between the ANA and ISAF. A total of 14 brigades that will primarily be regionally oriented are planned for 2008. The Afghan National Army was founded with the issue of a decree by President Hamid Karzai on December 1, 2002. In 2005, 173 M113A2 APCs also entered service with the ANA. As of September 2013 the ANA is in possession of 152 D30 howitzers, the supply of which is being coordinated by Picatinny Arsenal, the US military center for excellence in artillery. [146][147] Initially all the Special Forces candidates were planned to come from the Commando Kandak (Commando Battalion), only requiring 10 weeks of training. 'Local Ownership and Security Sector Reform,' DCAF/Lit Verlag, Zurich/Berlin, 2008 ‘Local Ownership.’ Portrays a varying level of vested interest/warlord subversion of reform among the various security agencies; little local ownership at the MOD/ANA despite several attempts to seize more local control and subvert the foreign process by not proving enough personnel, imposing different officers, and wanting a conscript force. [20] Upon his election Karzai set a goal of an army of at least 70,000 men by 2009. [51] Sales of US Arms to Afghanistan alone totaled nearly $20 billion for fiscal years 2009 through 2011. Since the early 1970s, the Afghan army has been equipped with the Russian AK-47 as their main service rifle. At least nine brigades were planned at this time, each consisting of six kandaks. In response to the fighting, about 1,500 newly trained ANA soldiers were sent to Herat in order to bring the situation under control. Formations in existence by the end of 2002 included the 1st Army Corps (Nangrahar), 2nd Army Corps (Kandahar, dominated by Gul Agha Sherzai and his allies), 3rd Army Corps (Paktia, where the US allegedly attempted to impose Atiquallah Ludin as commander), 4th Army Corps (Herat, dominated by Ismail Khan), 6th Army Corps at Kunduz, 7th Army Corps (under Atta Mohammad Noor at Mazar-i-Sharif in Balkh Province[18]), 8th Army Corps (at Shiberghan, dominated by Dostum's National Islamic Movement of Afghanistan) and the Central Army Corps around Kabul.[19]. The organization is based on U.S. Army Special Forces. But India has been unwilling to provide military aid unless under an UN-authorised peacekeeping mission. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, "Drug problem adding to challenge in Afghanistan," Chicago Tribune, January 31, 2012. [164] In March 2012 the ANA will take delivery of the first 58 of 352 MSFVs which will include some or all of the M1117s. By March 2007, half of the ANA had been achieved with 46 of the planned 76 Afghan kandaks operating in the fore or in concert with NATO forces. All these various efforts are managed on the Coalition side by Combined Security Transition Command - Afghanistan (CSTC-A), a three-star level multi-national command headquartered in downtown Kabul. The MSFV is an updated version of a vehicle supplied by Textron Marine & Land Systems who also produce the M1117. The crash site was at an altitude of 11,000 feet (3,400 m) on the peak of the Chaperi Mountain, 20 miles (32 km) east of the Afghan capital of Kabul. The army (as a state institution, organized, armed, and commanded by the state) does not exist in Afghanistan today. The problem of desertion dogged the force in its early days: in the summer of 2003, the desertion rate was estimated to be 10% and in mid-March 2004, an estimate suggested that 3,000 soldiers had deserted. The first Quick Reaction Forces battalion will be trained and fielded by the spring of 2012, and the last one around the spring 2013. Bondarets (И.С. Deserters or defectors became a severe problem. These individuals are either Taliban or other militant infiltrators, disaffected or disturbed soldiers, turncoats, or who were disturbed by perceived and/or actual improper conduct by coalition forces. Afghan National Army Sustained Collateral Losses In Nimroz province October 24, 2020 KABUL, Afghanistan — About 24 Afghan National Army members were killed and several more wounded 'after their citadels came under Taliban organized and blistering offensive in the Khashrod district of southwestern Nimroz province. [83] From 2009 to mid-2013, there have been hundreds of NATO-led Afghan operations against militant groups across Afghanistan, some of which were small while others were major. The Officers Training Academy on the other hand provides a 49-week course to Graduate officer candidates. In July 2012, the Special Operations Command was officially established as a division-sized special operations force formation, including a command and staff. Various International Security Assistance Force and Operation Enduring Freedom - Afghanistan contributing countries have undertaken different responsibilities in the creation of the ANA. By 1992, the national army fragmented into regional militias under various local warlords. The Afghan army's casualties were as high as 50–60,000 and another 50,000 deserted the armed forces. In November 2010, the ANA Special Forces Class 1 received their tan berets in a ceremony at Camp Morehead, Kabul Province, after completing 26 weeks of on-the-job training partnered with U.S. Special Forces. Following the crash of Kam Air Flight 904 on February 4, 2005, The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) made numerous unsuccessful helicopter rescue operation attempts. [74][75][76][77] Initially all the Special Forces candidates will come from the Commando Battalion only requiring 10 weeks of training, after that Special Forces recruiting will be conducted throughout the army, and initial Special Forces training will be 15 weeks. Most ANA personnel are assigned to the ANA’s six corps, its Special Operations Force, and its 111th Capital Division. 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